Module V: Developing and Using Population Surveys
There are exciting new innovations in population-based surveys to assess change in FCV settings. Such tools can provide critical insight on the livelihoods and perceptions of a wide range of beneficiary (and non-beneficiary) groups. Part of the hesitancy to use these tools is because their purpose and methodology is not well understood. The Guidance fills this knowledge gap by reviewing how population surveys are designed, the specificities of sampling, the preparation of questionnaires, and the interpretation of results. It also lays out some limitations of these approaches, questions related to ethics and some insights into emerging techniques.
Population surveys are increasingly used to evaluate programs and monitor broader economic, social, and institutional dynamics in FCV contexts. This module of the Toolkit provides an overview of the applications of population surveys. It presents lessons on survey design and implementation, with a focus on managing the particular challenges introduced by conflict, violence, and institutional weakness. It also emphasizes the need for teams to identify potential sources of bias at each stage of survey design and implementation, both in order to generate high-quality data and to use as a guide in interpreting and using survey data from FCV environments.
Included in this module:
- Why Use Survey Data to Monitor Progress on Peacebuilding and State-Building?
- Using Surveys to Measure Strategic and Operational Indicators
- Deciding Who—and How—to Survey
- Challenges in FCV Contexts
- Undertaking Surveys in Challenging Environments
- Lessons on the Design Process
- Developing the Questionnaire
- Dealing with Sensitive Issues
- New Methods
- Survey Ethics
- Partnership Arrangements
- Where to Get Micro-Data